Eco-Score: el impacto medioambiental de los productos alimenticios

Eco-Score

The Eco-Score es un indicador medioambiental (ecoscore), cuyo puntaje va de la letra "A" a la letra "E", tomándose como una escala tipo likert con la cual se puede comparar fácilmente a los productos alimenticios.

¿Porqué una puntuación medioambiental?

Cada vez más consumidores se interesan en conocer el impacto que generan los alimentos no solo en la salud individual, sino también, en torno al impacto medioambiental a gran escala. Gracias al Nutri-Score, ahora es muy fácil tener en cuenta la calidad nutricional de los productos al momento de comprarlos, pero es muy difícil, si no imposible, comparar el impacto de su huella ambiental.

Es prioritario proporcionar a los consumidores información clara en torno a la huella ambiental y así hacer más eficiente la comparativa entre varios productos. Esto es lo que permite cualificar el grado Eco-Score Medioambiental.

El Eco-Score, una herramienta que promueve la autosustentabilidad alimentaria

El Eco-Score es una herramienta que promueve desiciones alimenticias y nutricionales más sostenibles y amigables con el medio ambiente, animándolos a:

  • Ingerir menos alimentos de origen animal y de mejor calidad
  • Incrementar el consumo de productos orgánicos o que contengan etiquetas de calidad
  • Favor local and seasonal products, with little packaging
  • Limit products containing problematic ingredients (endangered fish, unsustainable palm oil)

What is the Eco-Score?

The Eco-Score is designed on a model similar to the Nutri-Score: it is a grade from A to E which summarizes 15 environmental impacts. The Eco-Score score is materialized by a colored leaf-shaped logo with a letter from A (very low impact) to E (very high impact).

Ecoscore

The Eco-Score is supported by a consortium of many actors committed to better nutrition.

Los actores del colectivo Eco-Score

¿Cómo se calcula el Eco-Score?

La puntuación de referencia: análisis del ciclo de vida (LCA) con datos de la base de datos Agribalyse

Para cada categoría de producto, se establece un puntaje de referencia utilizando datos de la base de datos ambiental Agribalyse diseñada por ADEME e INRAE. Estos datos corresponden al análisis del ciclo de vida (LCA) de los productos.

Evaluación del ciclo de vida (LCA)

Life cycle analysisis a standardized assessment method for carrying out a multi-stage environmental assessment and multi-criteria:

  • 6 production steps: agriculture, processing, packaging, transportation, distribution and consumption
  • 14 environmental impact indicators: climate change/carbon footprint, ozone layer depletion, ionizing radiation, land, water, and energy use; pollution of air and marine and fresh water (particles, acidification, eutrophication); and depletion of resources.

Bonuses and penalties to refine the grading of each product

In order to take into account certain impacts on the environment which are not covered well by the life cycle analysis (such as biodiversity) and the specificities of each product within the same category, the score of reference is modulated with bonuses and penalties:

Modo de producción

A bonus is awarded to products that have an official label, a label or a certification that guarantees environmental benefits (organic, fair trade, HVE, Label Rouge, Bleu Blanc Cœur, MSC/ASC).

Origen de los ingredientes

A bonus is awarded based on the origin of the ingredients. This bonus takes into account the impact on transportation and also the environmental policy of each producer's country.

Especies en peligro

Se castiga a los productos que contienen ingredientes que tienen significativas repercusiones negativas en la biodiversidad y los ecosistemas. como el aceite de palma, cuya producción es responsable de la deforestación masiva.

Envases

Se calcula una penalización a tener en cuenta en virtud de la circularidad del embalaje (uso de materia prima reciclada y reciclabilidad) y el sobreembalaje.

An increased need for transparency to better measure and reduce environmental impacts

To accurately calculate the Eco-Score, it is necessary to have information which is not necessarily specified on the packaging (such as the origin and the exact percentage of each ingredient) or which is rarely available in usable form (such as a list of all the components of the packaging with the precise types of plastics used).

Average values are used when this information is not yet available, but we are now calling on everyone to help us collect this information which will be very useful for the Eco-Score but also for many other uses.



¿Cómo ver el Eco-Score en productos alimenticios?

Scan products with the Open Food Facts app

The Open Food Facts app allows you to quickly get the Eco-Score of products: all you have to do is scan their barcode. If you have already installed the Open Food Facts app, please update it to get the new version!

Eco-Score incluído en la app Open Food Facts

The Eco-Score is or will soon be available in the apps of other actions who built the Eco-Score. And Open Food Facts is a Wikipedia of foods that anyone can reuse freely and for free. The more than 100 applications that use the Open Food Facts database will also be able to display the Eco-Score that we calculate.

Compare the Eco-Score of products on the Open Food Facts site

The Open Food Facts website allows everyone to see and compare the ecoscore of more than 750,000 food products sold in France. The results of each search show the nutritional quality with the Nutri-Score, ultra-processed foods with NOVA, and the environmental impact with the Eco-Score.

El Eco-Score en las comidas preparadas
El Eco-Score de comidas preparadas en Open Food Facts


Clasifica y explora productos según el Eco-Score en Open Food Facts

También es posible ordenar y explorar los productos de cualquier categoría por Eco-Score.

Productos con la mejor puntuación Eco-Score Explorar productos por Eco-Score

Y vea de un vistazo el Eco-Score de los productos de una categoría o una marca.

Eco-Score of ready meals
The Eco-Score of prepared meals. Haga clic para ver los productos de cada grado en Open Food Facts.

Obtain the details of the Eco-Score computation for all products

For each product, a link allows you to display the complete details of the Eco-Score score computation.

And if information is missing, anyone can add it: the manufacturer of the product but also all citizens committed to the climate, environmental protection and transparency.

Anyone can complete the information to calculate the Eco-Score


How the Eco-Score can encourage the improvement of products and the reduction of their environmental impacts

El Eco-Score tiene dos palancas de acción:

  • El Eco-Score permite una elección más informada de los consumidores que ahora pueden tener en cuenta fácilmente el impacto medioambiental de los productos como criterio de elección.
  • El Eco-Score alienta a los fabricantes a mejorar sus productos para que obtengan una calificación de Eco-Score más alta.

Esta segunda palanca es muy importante porque permite una mejora global de la oferta y así llega a todos los consumidores.

La calificación energética de los electrodomésticos ha transformado profundamente la oferta (¡intente encontrar un frigorífico con calificación E, o incluso D o C!). Y la democratización de Nutri-Score también ha animado a muchos fabricantes a mejorar la calidad nutricional de sus productos para obtener una mejor valoración (hasta el punto de que algunos fabricantes franceses incluso presumen de ello en las paradas de autobús, como Brossard por su tarta Savane).

To encourage product improvements, our platform for producers automatically analyzes data provided by manufacturers to identify avenues for improvement. The platform thus identifies all the products that would obtain a better Nutri-Score score with a slight change in composition (a reduction in salt of 5% for example).

Soon, the platform will make it possible to suggest ways to reduce the ecological impact and obtain a better Eco-Score (for example by using a more recyclable plastic for packaging, or by replacing palm oil with another oil).



How can we find out more and how can we help us develop the Eco-Score?

Everyone is welcome to help us create more transparency, educate consumers, and encourage product improvement through Eco-Score.

The Eco-Score is still young and can certainly be improved. Given the climate and environmental emergency, however, it seems important to us to make it available now.

By working together, we will be able to gradually improve the Eco-Score, refine its formula, and gather the data necessary for its computation.

Your feedback, observations and suggestions will therefore be very valuable.

Open Food Facts is a collaborative project supported by tens of thousands of volunteers and managed by a non-profit association with 3 employees.
You can help us at fund Open Food Facts 2021 budget and continue to develop the Eco-Score and many other projects to improve everyone's diet. Thank you! ❤️

Haz una donación


Reconocimientos

Thanks to the teams of ADEME, l'INRAE and all Agribalyse partners for the constitution of this unique environmental database and its publication in open data.

Gracias a todos los que participaron en la creación de una puntuación ecológica común.

Thanks to the organizers and volunteers of Data For Good who greatly improved the artificial intelligence algorithms of Open Food Facts.

Thanks to the AFNIC Foundation for its support for the implementation of the ecoscore in Open Food Facts.

Thanks to Santé publique France (Public Health France) for its crucial support for the development of the platform for producers.

And thank you to all the participants in the Open Food Facts project who for more than 8 years have been promoting food transparency to improve everyone's diet!



Referencias