E621 - Glutamato monosódico

Aditivos: E621 - Glutamato monosódico

Functions: Potenciador del sabor

El glutamato monosódico, también conocido como glutamato de sodio -GMS- es la sal sódica del ácido glutámico, uno de los aminoácidos no esenciales más abundantes en la naturaleza.[2]​ La Administración de Fármacos y Alimentos -FDA- de Estados Unidos clasificó al GMS como Generalmente Reconocido como Seguro -GRAS, por sus siglas en inglés- y la Unión Europea, como un aditivo alimentario. El GMS tiene el código HS 29224220 y el Número E E621.[3]​ El glutamato que forma parte del GMS aporta el mismo sabor umami que el glutamato presente en otros alimentos. Ambos son químicamente idénticos.[4]​ La industria alimentaria comercializa y usa el GMS como potenciador del sabor[5]​, debido a que equilibra, combina y resalta el carácter de otros sabores.[6]​[7]​ Algunos nombres comerciales del glutamato monosódico son AJI-NO-MOTO, Vetsin y Ac'cent. - Wikipedia

Risk of overexposure

EFSA evaluation: Re‐evaluation of glutamic acid -E 620-, sodium glutamate -E 621-, potassium glutamate -E 622-, calcium glutamate -E 623-, ammonium glutamate -E 624- and magnesium glutamate -E 625- as food additives (2017/07/12)

High risk of over exposure
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has determined that some population groups have a high risk of consuming too much E621 - Glutamato monosódico.

To evaluate your exposure to the E621 - Glutamato monosódico food additive, you can browse our list of products that contain it. See the list of products with E621 - Glutamato monosódico below.

  InfantsToddlersChildrenAdolescentsAdultsElderly
  < 11 to 23 to 910 to 1718 to 6465+
Most people
(over 50%)
Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) 
Some people
(over 5%)
Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)

Risk of exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL) : Risk of exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)

Risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) : Risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)

Nombres: Glutamate monosodique, glutamate de sodium, monosodium glutamate, GMS, MSG

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